Equine Herpesvirus (EHV-1) Resources
UPDATE FROM THE STATE VETERINARIAN - Jan. 25, 2014:
The quarantine of a boarding facility in central North Carolina was released on Jan. 24, 2014. The quarantine had been in place since Dec. 23, 2013.
As required, the stable completed 28 consecutive days with no clinical signs or fevers. Temperatures were checked daily by the stable manager and monitored by an NCDA&CS field veterinarian.
UPDATE FROM THE STATE VETERINARIAN - Dec. 30, 2013:
Horses at a boarding facility in central North Carolina have been confirmed to have the neurologic form of EHV-1. This facility has had little movement of horses on or off the farm. Our veterinarians are working closely with the practicing veterinarian and the farm owner. The premises has been quarantined and strict biosecurity measures have been in place since Dec. 23. All animals are having temperatures monitored twice a day, and no horses have had fevers or other clinical signs since Friday, Dec. 27, 2013, the first day there were confirmed lab results from the National Veterinary Services Laboratory. The quarantine will be held for 28 days after the last fever is recorded.
Additional investigation found that five horses were moved from the stable in the last four weeks and have been tracked to four locations in North Carolina where their health status is being monitored. All known exposed horses have been accounted for, are not showing clinical signs and have not been moved. No additional horses have been moved from any of the known sites.
At this point, we believe this is an isolated incident with low-risk to other horses. However, we do encourage horse owners to practice good biosecurity measures as a precaution. EHV-1 is not a reportable disease to the Office of the State Veterinarian under state law, however the office appreciates being made aware of suspicious cases and will offer help in controlling the disease. The last known case in North Carolina was in January 2012.
Summer Arbovirus Alert for Equine Owners-
West Nile Virus (WNV) and Eastern Equine Encephalomyelitis (EEE)
West Nile Virus
WNV Disease Alert Page and Links
Tips to reduce mosquito breeding sites
NC Department of Public Health info on Arboviruses
Eastern Equine Encephalomyelitis
EEE Disease Alert Page and Links
Avian Influenza - (Bird Flu)
Avian Influenza Factsheet
Avian Influenza Recommendations - including information on the disease, prevention, cleaning, disinfection, and frequently asked questions
Recomendaciones para prevenir la dispersión y/o
introducción del virus de la influenza de aves
Foreign Travel Recommendations
Poultry Biosecurity Guidelines
Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE) aka "Mad Cow Disease"
How North Carolina is working to prevent Mad Cow Disease
USDA-APHIS Fact Sheet
USDA-APHIS BSE Information Homepage
Other BSE information sources:
USDA BSE Response Information
APHIS BSE General Information
Centers for Disease Control (CDC's) BSE website including the disease in humans, called variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (vCJD).
Washington State Government website BSE resources (media links, other government links)
National Cattlemen's Beef Association BSE website including beef cattle industry statistic links
USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service "Quick Stats" (livestock / cattle numbers by county for any state)
NCDA&CS Agricultural Statistics Division Cattle and Cattle Farm numbers by county
BSE and TSEs (Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathy) of other species was the topic of discussion this year by 180 professionals from 23 countries at a conference in Fort Collins, Colorado in September, 2003. You can download a two page summary of the meeting in MS Word document format from:http://www.cvmbs.colostate.edu/aphi/aphiweb/Pubs/TSESum.pdf
Some of the articles and presentations can be found at:http://www.cvmbs.colostate.edu/aphi/aphiweb/Pubs/TSEProc.pdf
NCDA&CS Safety and Health website
CDC site for bioterrorism and emergency preparedness
Livestock Event Animal Health Safety Guidelines
Farm Biosecurity Guidelines
Foreign Animal Disease Investigation Protocol