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Veterinary Division

Animal Welfare Section

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. What is the Animal Welfare Program?

  2. Why was the law enacted?

  3. What are the plans for Implementation?

  4. What do Animal Welfare employees do?

  5. What do employees look for during an inspection?

  6. Will sheltering facilities be monitored?

  7. Are euthanasia guidelines going to change?

  8. Is Carbon Monoxide (CO) going to be approved?

  9. Will employees be trained and certified in euthanasia?

  10. What type of vaccinations are required by the state of North Carolina for cats and dogs?

  11. Do I contact the Animal Welfare Division if I observe animals being mistreated?

  12. If I go to an animal shelter and I observe an animal that is in distress or being mistreated do I contact the Animal Welfare Division?

  13. There are cats and dogs running loose around my neighborhood who do I contact?

  14. What do I do if I am bitten by an animal?

  15. Do all cats/dogs need to be quarantined for 10 days after they have bitten someone? What if the animal is currently vaccinated?

  16. Should you euthanize a cat or dog that has bitten someone within the last 10 days?

  17. Who can view the drug log for euthanasia procedures performed via euthanasia by injection (EBI) at animal shelters and are drug logs public record?

  1. What is the Animal Welfare Program?
    The program was enacted by the North Carolina General Assembly to create a uniform system for the regulation of private and public animal shelters.

  2. Why was the law enacted?
    The bill requires that county and municipal animal shelters comply with those same standards established for private facilities currently under the NCDA&CS inspections detailed in GS 19A Article Animal Welfare Section

  3. What are the plans for Implementation?
    The law became effective October 1,2005. The budget bill approved 4 new positions.
    a. Program Director (DVM)
    b. Program Outreach Coordinator
    c. Animal Health Technician
    d. Administrative Assistant

  4. What do Animal Welfare employees do?
    Inspect municipal and county animal shelters to ensure the facilities are conforming to the rules and regulations of the North Carolina Animal Welfare law.

  5. What do employees look for during an inspection?
    The inspection staff is trying to ensure the animals in a shelter facility are receiving humane care.
    Humane care is defined as the provision of adequate heat, ventilation, sanitary shelter and adequate food and water, consistent with the normal requirements and feeding habits of the animals, size, species and breed. The inspectors also will observe and inspect the euthanasia prodigal to ensure the facilities are complying with the rules that govern euthanasia mandated by the General Assembly.

  6. Will sheltering facilities be monitored?
    Inspections will be conducted throughout the year.

  7. Are euthanasia guidelines going to change?
    Currently, the Rabies law (GS 130A-192) permits euthanasia of impounded animals within certain guidelines. The NC General Assembly passed a new law stating that the Board of Agriculture will enact rules that will govern the euthanasia of animals in shelters.

  8. Is Carbon Monoxide (CO) going to be approved?
    If CO is approved it must be compressed carbon monoxide and delivered in a commercially manufactured chamber that allows for individual separation of animals.

  9. Will employees be trained and certified in euthanasia?
    Training will be implemented as required by law passed by the General Assembly.

  10. What type of vaccinations are required by the state of North Carolina for cats and dogs?
    Cats and dogs need to be vaccinated at 4months of age for rabies. All dog and cats 4 months of age and greater must be currently vaccinated against rabies. The initial vaccination last for (1) year. The next vaccination is good for (3) years if your veterinarian uses a (3) three-year vaccine the vaccination must be administered by a licensed veterinarian.

  11. Do I contact the Animal Welfare Division if I observe animals being mistreated?
    Contact your local Animal Control Department. If your county has no Animal Control contact the local law enforcement in your county.

  12. If I go to an animal shelter and I observe an animal that is in distress or being mistreated do I contact the Animal Welfare Division?
    Yes, please submit a request for an inspection in writing. We will send an inspector to that shelter to investigate the complaint.

  13. There are cats and dogs running loose around my neighborhood who do I contact?
    Contact your local Animal Control Department.

  14. What do I do if I am bitten by an animal?
    People bitten by any animal need to wash the wound thoroughly if possible. Medical advice should be sought and followed.
    All bites by cats and dogs must be immediately reported to the local health director (or his/her designee). The requirement to report lies with the person bitten, the person owning the animal and the person in control or possession of the animal.

  15. Do all cats/dogs need to be quarantined for 10 days after they have bitten someone? What if the animal is currently vaccinated?
    All cats and dogs that bite a person must be quarantined for 10 days following the bite of a person, regardless of the vaccination status of the cat/dog, unless circumstances dictate that the animal be euthanized for testing.

  16. Should you euthanize a cat or dog that has bitten someone within the last 10 days?
    Any cat or dog that dies for any reason during the 10 days following of a person must be tested for rabies.

  17. Who can view the drug log for euthanasia procedures performed via euthanasia by injection (EBI) at animal shelters and are drug logs public record?
     These records are subject to inspection by both the US Drug Enforcement Agency and the state agencies authorized in NC Controlled Substances Reporting Act (NCCSRA).  NCDA&CS is not an authorized agency under this law; thus, we have no authority to inspect a shelter’s drug logs for purposes of determining whether a CET is administering the correct dosage for any individual animal.  This response is based on the security and record keeping requirements established under the US Controlled Substances Act and the NCCSRA, 90-113.70 et seq.

    § 90-113.74. Confidentiality.

    (a) Prescription information submitted to the Department is privileged and confidential, is not a public record pursuant to G.S. 132-1, is not subject to subpoena or discovery or any other use in civil proceedings, and except as otherwise provided below may only be used for investigative or evidentiary purposes related to violations of State or federal law and regulatory activities. Except as otherwise provided by this section, prescription information shall not be disclosed or disseminated to any person or entity by any person or entity authorized to review prescription information.

    Drug logs are not public record and “may only be released as provided under Article 5E of Chapter 90 of the General Statutes” (ref NCGS 132.1.1(e)).

    Link to § 90-113.74

    Link to Chapter 132


 

 

NCDA&CS Veterinary Division, Dr. David Marshall, DVM, State Veterinarian
Mailing Address:1030 Mail Service Center, Raleigh, NC 27699-1030
Physical Address: 2 W. Edenton Street, Raleigh, NC 27601
Phone: (919) 733-7601; FAX: (919) 733-2277